The manuscripts submitted to RiLE should follow the APA style (7th edition). Authors are advised to read this document carefully and adhere to the instructions given below before submitting their papers to RiLE.
A title page should accompany the submission. The following should be included on the title page:
• Paper Title
• Author’s name in full
• For multiple authors, each name should appear on a separate line
• Institutional affiliation and contact details (email address and telephone number, including country code)
Add a biography of 50 words for each author.
In case of multiple authors, indicate which one is the corresponding author AND provide a mobile telephone number for the corresponding author.
The main MS itself should be anonymised and should include the following sections.
Abstract should be between 150 and 250 words, followed by three to five keywords, separated by commas. The abstract should include information on the purpose of the research and/or research question, the methods and materials used, information on the analysis procedures as well as the major findings.
The body of the paper begins on the next page. The font type should be Times New Roman and the size is 12. The whole manuscript should be double-spaced throughout and the new paragraphs should be indented. The manuscript should be divided into clear sections such as: Introduction, Review of literature (which may include subsections), Method (including participants, materials, and procedure), Results, Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgements (if necessary) and References (and Appendices, if needed). The reference list should be on a new page, double spaced, and use the hanging indent method (all lines after the first one are indented). The length of the paper can be between 6000 and 8000 words. The following pages provide key information and give examples of APA style. More information on APA can also be found in the websites given below.
CITATIONS IN THE TEXT:
APA uses the author-date method of citation. The last name of the author and the date of publication are inserted in the text in the appropriate place. When referencing or summarizing a source, provide the author and year. When quoting or summarizing a particular passage, include the specific page or paragraph number, as well. When quoting in your paper, if a direct quote is less than 40 words, incorporate it into your text and use quotation marks. If a direct quote is more than 40 words, make the quotation a freestanding indented block of text and DO NOT use quotation marks.
• One work by one author:
In one experimental study (Ellis, 1998), children learned...
OR In the study by Ellis (1998), primary school children...
OR In 1998, Ellis’s study of primary school children…
• Works by multiple authors:
When a work has 2 authors cite both names every time you reference the work in the text. When a work has three to five authors cite all the author names the first time the reference occurs and then subsequently include only the first author followed by et al. For example:
First citation: Masserton, Slonowski, and Slowinski (1989) state that... Subsequent citations: Masserton et al. (1989) state that...
For 6 or more authors, cite only the name of the first author followed by et al. and the year.
• Works by no identified author:
When a resource has no named author, cite the first few words of the reference entry (usually the title). Use double quotation marks around the title of an article, chapter, or Web page. Italicize the title of a periodical, book, brochure, or report. For example:
The site seemed to indicate support for homeopathic drugs (“Medical Miracles,” 2009). The brochure argues for homeschooling (Education Reform, 2007).
• Two or more works in the same parenthetical citation:
Citations of two or more works in the same parentheses should be listed in the order they appear in the reference list (i.e., alphabetically, then chronologically).
Several studies (Jones & Powell, 1993; Peterson, 1995, 1998; Smith, 1990) suggest that...
• Specific parts of a source
Always give the page number for quotations or to indicate information from a specific table, chart, chapter, graph, or page. The word page is abbreviated but not chapter. For example:
The painting was assumed to be by Matisse (Powell, 1989, Chapter 6), but later analysis showed it to be a forgery (Murphy, 1999, p. 85).
If, as in the instance of online material, the source has neither visible paragraph nor page numbers, cite the heading and the number of the paragraph following it. This allows the reader to locate the text in the source. For example:
The patient wrote that she was unimpressed by the doctor’s bedside manner (Smith, 2006, Hospital Experiences section, para. 2).
CITATIONS IN THE REFERENCE LIST:
In general, references should contain the author name, publication date, title, and publication information. Include the issue number if the journal is paginated by issue. For information obtained electronically or online include the DOI: DOI - a unique alphanumeric string assigned to identify content and provide a persistent link to its location on the internet. The DOI is typically located on the first page of the electronic journal article near the copyright notice. When a DOI is used in your citation, no other retrieval information is needed. Use this format for the DOI in references: doi:xxxxxxx If no DOI has been assigned to the content, provide the home page URL of the journal or of the book or report publisher. Do not insert a hyphen if you need to break a URL across lines; do not add a period after a URL, to prevent the impression that the period is part of the URL. In general, it is not necessary to include database information. Do not include retrieval dates unless the source material has changed over time.
Strunk, W., Jr., & White, E. B. (1979). The guide to everything and then some more stuff. New York, NY: Macmillan.
Gregory, G., & Parry, T. (2006). Designing brain-compatible learning (3rd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin.
• Chapter of a Book:
Bergquist, J. M. (1992). German Americans. In J. D. Buenker & L. A. Ratner (Eds.), Multiculturalism in the United States: A comparative guide to acculturation and ethnicity (pp. 53-76). New York, NY: Greenwood.
• Journal Article with DOI:
Paivio, A. (1975). Perceptual comparisons through the mind's eye. Memory & Cognition, 3,
• Journal Article without DOI (when DOI is not available):
Becker, L. J., & Seligman, C. (1981). Welcome to the energy crisis. Journal of Social Issues, 37(2), 1-7.
Hamfi, A. G. (1981). The funny nature of dogs. E-journal of Applied Psychology, 2(2), 38 -48. Retrieved fromhttp://ojs.lib.swin.edu.au/index.php/fdo
• Encyclopedia Articles:
Brislin, R. W. (1984). Cross-cultural psychology. In R. J. Corsini (Ed.), Encyclopedia of
psychology (Vol. 1, pp. 319-327). New York, NY: Wiley.
Developmental genetics. (2005). In Cambridge encyclopedia of child development.
• Technical and Research Reports (often with corporate authors)
Hershey Foods Corporation. (2001, March 15). 2001 Annual Report. Retrieved from
• Book Reviews:
Dent-Read, C., & Zukow-Goldring, P. (2001). Is modeling knowing? [Review of the book Models of cognitive development, by K. Richardson]. American Journal of Psychology, 114, 126-133.
• Blog post:
Lincoln, D. S. (2009, January 23). The likeness and sameness of the ones in the middle.
[Web log post]. Retrieved fromhttp://www.blogspace.com/lincolnworld/2009/1/23.php
• Website with no author or date of publication:
Census data revisited. (n.d.). Retrieved March 9, 2009, from Harvard, Psychology of
Population website, http://harvard.edu/data/index.php Do not include retrieval dates unless the source material may change over time. If no DOI has been assigned to the content, provide the homepage URL.
For more information not mentioned here, check APA Manual of Style (6th edition) available at www.apastyle.org
For additional information on layout and referencing, check:
For a sample paper written in APA style, which is also the template that authors should follow for this Journal, consult:
How to Submit:
Before submitting your article to be considered for publication in the RiLE, make sure that it adheres to all guidelines given in this document; otherwise, the Journal office may reject the paper before sending it out for review. The papers following these general criteria may be submitted to be evaluated for possible publication. Please be informed that the Journal takes plagiarism very seriously and the contributors are cautioned against this. The papers submitted to the Journal should not have already been published elsewhere except as conference presentations, nor should they be submitted simultaneously to another journal. Authors submitting plagiarised material (either from self or from others) will enter a black list and will be unable to make future submissions to the Journal and our associate journals. Please submit a Similarity Report index (iThenticate or Turnitin) as part of your submission